Philosopher. Although very falsely accused of promoting hedonism, the pursuit of pleasure for its own sake, Epicurus actually taught that, yes, we should pursue pleasure, but this meant freedom from worry and pain, and was best achieved by limiting and disciplining our desires. He also believed, in contrast to the stoics, that it was best to avoid public life. What survives of his writing is beautiful and wise. He died, as he lived, with complete patience and self-control.