J. Kenneth Galbraith
1908–2006 - Canadian
Economist. He served as president of the American Economic Association, wrote best-selling books, and was appointed by President Kennedy to be ambassador to India. But events largely overtook his principal economic thesis, laid out in the 1950's and 1960's, that American businesses had developed into vast monopolies that were invulnerable to competition.
1564–1642 - Italian
Astronomer. He used a new telescope of his own design to confirm and expand on Copernicus's theory that the earth was a satellite of the sun, not the center of the solar system or universe. This led to conflict with the Roman Catholic Church, a forced recantation, and continuing imprisonment.
1869–1948 - Indian
Spiritual and political leader. He grounded the Indian independence movement on the principle of Satyagraha, which incorporated the search for the truth (satya), humility, pacifist or non-violent methods of struggle and resistance, and personal self-sacrifice for ideals greater than ourselves.
Gandhi was very complicated, and his life involves paradoxes, such as the virtual abandonment of his wife and children.